What does it mean and do we have road map and are we understanding role of energy efficiency?
What it means - Carbon intensity measures emissions of CO2 for per unit of the Gross Domestic Product (GDP). So, reducing carbon intensity means India will emit less carbon for its economic growth and its adaptation of cleaner technologies in various sectors of the economy.
Road Map as per Industry experts -
According to the CSE, India has achieved 25% of emission intensity reduction of its GDP between 2005 and 2016, and is on course to achieve more than 40% by 2030.
Achieving 45% won’t be difficult considering India would be meeting half of its energy demand from cleaner technologies by 2030, and there is a broad hydrogen road map for the country to adopt over the next 10 years.
Road block -
Demand for our comfort needs will significantly increase in next 10 years and so will be investment in cleaner technologies but if we miss energy efficiency improvement measures and policies and enforcement around it then the target as simple it looks or is made to look will be difficult to achieve.